Even though we’ve already looked at chapters 12 and 13, Zechariah is such a powerful book, that I feel the need to touch on all the other chapters. There is some mind-blowing imagery that we also see in the Book of Revelation. And, it makes you wonder at the connection.
However, do not be confused by the imagery. The horsemen of God’s judgment have ridden the world for thousands of years, and it is only in the Book of Revelation that they are sent on specific tasks, when the seals are opened. The same goes for the great menorah in heaven and the two anointed ones, who are the two witnesses in Revelation.
Just because they are referred to in Zechariah, does NOT mean that we are seeing the same events that we see in Revelation.
As seekers of wisdom, we are to forsake a simple-minded approach to the Bible. The simple will always stumble when they seek to understand the Bible, but those who are wise will seek and see the context and get the point. The simple are led by earthly logic, but the wise have the Holy Spirit.
But, for all that, the focus of Zechariah is upon Jerusalem.
Oh, and one more thing:
As with other prophets, the prophecies of Zechariah are NOT in chronological order. You will notice that the visions given to Zechariah switch back and forth, sometimes being fulfilled in the past, sometimes to be fulfilled in our future. Never assume that prophecies will be fulfilled one after the other. Sometimes they are. Often, they are not.
In chapter one, the prophet laments over their seventy years of exile and the destruction of Jerusalem, and God responds by saying that Jerusalem will be rebuilt, soon. God goes on to say that those who scattered Judah will be brought down.
In chapter two, God shifts to our own future and says that He will one day dwell in the midst of the people at Jerusalem. And, God adds this:
“Many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and they shall become My people. And I will dwell in your midst. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me to you.
– Zechariah 2:11
This begs the question:
Is this the Millennium?
Will there be ‘many nations’ left, when the Millennium begins?
Furthermore, we know that, when we are gathered together as the Body of Christ, God is there in our midst. Yet, at the same time, I cannot claim beyond a shadow of a doubt that this is not the Millennium. Saying that verse eleven doesn’t seem to fit with the Millennium is hardly strong evidence.
Chapter three switches back to the past and speaks of the coming of Jesus and the stone with seven eyes – who is also Jesus. Unfortunately, the translators prove, yet again, their determination to mistranslate the word BRANCH. As I said before, the Hebrew word is צמח (pronounced tseh-mach, ch as in Bach). It means plant and has always meant plant. But, let’s not allow foolish translation errors to keep us from seeing that Jesus is prophesied in chapter three.
Praise God that Jesus came and did what He was prophesied to come and do!
Chapter four is where we find imagery that is similar to Revelation. These two olive trees stand before God. They always have. They always will, except when they are sent to Earth to be a witness for three and a half years, as described in Revelation 11. And no, these are NOT – I repeat N-O-T – the ‘OLD’ and ‘NEW’ covenants. They are human beings when they are on earth and olive trees when they are in heaven. On earth, they will be two singular human beings with two arms each. They will each have two legs.
Those who claim otherwise are being truly simple-minded and are NOT being led by the Holy Spirit.
Do I understand the human-being/olive-tree connection?
No, and I don’t need to.
Now, just because we see seven menorahs/lamp-stands in Revelation 1, does not mean that the menorah that we see in Zechariah four is the same menorah(s). You can bet that there are many menorahs in heaven. Some of them represent churches, but there is one big one in the throne room of God that represents…
Well, I’m not completely sure what that menorah represents. But, we know that the seven lamps of this great menorah rejoice at the planning and building of Jerusalem. We also know that these seven lamps are the seven eyes of the Lord:
For who has despised the day of small things?
For these seven rejoice to see
The plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel.
They are the eyes of the Lord,
Which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth.”
– Zechariah 4:10
And, Revelation says something similar, but also different:
And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth.
– Revelation 5:6
Again, there is similarity, and I’m assuming that these eyes and candlesticks are the same – even though I could be wrong. The bigger question is this:
What are these seven eyes/spirits/candlesticks?
The answer is that it doesn’t really matter. I believe that they are put in the Bible to show us that there are things happening in heaven and in the spiritual realm on earth that we cannot see. It is not for us to understand what these are. It is enough for us to know that they are there.
Never trust anyone who claims to know what these seven are. Such people are NOT to be followed because they teach speculation and claim that it is truth.
Chapter five speaks of a scroll and a woman in a basket. The scroll represents a curse upon those who steal, those who lie and upon those who swear falsely by the name of God. And, I think that we have examples of those who ‘swear falsely in the name of God’ in the form of false Christians who have entered in among us and subverted our churches. And, the woman in a basket is wickedness, and it was sent to reside in Babylon.
The first half of chapter six gives us a vision of four chariots, each for horses of a different color. Three of the colors are the same as in Revelation – red, white and black – but the fourth isn’t. Interesting. The fourth set of horses is dappled or mottled in Zechariah, while the fourth horse in Revelation is ‘pale’ – or chloros, meaning ‘green’.
Is there meaning in this difference?
Maybe. Maybe not.
However, one thing is made clear about these horses/chariots:
And He called to me, and spoke to me, saying, “See, those who go toward the north country have given rest to My Spirit in the north country.”
– Zechariah 6:8
In both Revelation and Ezekiel, these horses/chariots/horsemen go out and afflict the world. In Revelation, we do not see the direction that these horses go. But, in Ezekiel, the white and black go to the north. The dappled goes to the south. And, God says that the white and black horses have given Him rest. God is saying that He is placated by what the white and black horses do.
What is in the North?
Europe, Russia, Turkey and even Central Asia.
Are the visions of Ezekiel and Revelation, in respect to colored horses… are they the same?
They very well could be.
In fact, I’m willing to assume that the horses of Revelation and Ezekiel are the same, which means that Europe/Russia/Turkey/Central Asia will have both great scarcity and one who goes forth to conquer. This also means that the south – Africa – will suffer death by violence, starvation, plague (or, just death) and wild animals.
Does that sound like what is happening in Africa today?
Well, it’s probably going to get a lot worse.
The second half of chapter six gives us a commandment by God for Zechariah to create a silver and gold crown to put on the son of the high priest. This son is name Joshua, and this is where so many have gone off the rails and claimed that the name of Jesus is actually Yehoshua and not Yeshua. Unfortunately, this is another example of foolish commentaries being read, instead of being thrown into the trash.
Sorry but this Joshua was a real person who lived at the time of Zechariah. This Joshua was NOT Jesus, but giving Joshua this crown was a part of proclaiming the coming of Jesus. It’s a symbol. And, changing the name of Jesus to Joshua is to implicitly deny that Jesus is God. Joshua means Yehovah Saves, while Jesus means Salvation.
Jesus IS salvation.
If I have the name Yehovah Saves, I am claiming that someone else, named Yehovah, is the One Who Saves. And, I’m sorry, but Jesus IS Yehovah. Yehovah IS the Creator. He made heaven and earth. He will come and make a new heaven and a new earth.
Furthermore, we have historical evidence that the Hebrew name of Jesus really was and is ישוע (pronounced yeh-shoo-ah). And no, it’s not Yah-shua or any other made-up distortion of the truth.
Please stop the nonsense.
Chapter seven makes the point that God loves obedience more than fasting and sacrifice. Yes, God required fasting and sacrifice, but without obedience it was worthless. And, it was due to Israel’s disobedience that she went into captivity in the first place.
By the way, the same goes for us. Don’t tell me that you are a Christian if you refuse to obey God. There is no such thing as faith without obedience. Without obedience we cannot be children of God.
Chapter eight proclaims God as a Zionist. God told Zechariah that He is fervently jealous of Zion, that He will return to Zion and dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. And, if someone told you all that, you would call him a Zionist.
God is a Zionist.
Anyone who says otherwise is a moron and a fool.
Unfortunately, the prophecies described in this chapter, about Jerusalem were not fulfilled. Some of these things might have happened, but history tells us that the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell far short of the standard set by God.
If nothing else, the last two verses of this chapter have never happened:
22 Yes, many peoples and strong nations
Shall come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem,
And to pray before the Lord.’
23 “Thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘In those days ten men from every language of the nations shall grasp the sleeve of a Jewish man, saying, “Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.
This has NOT happened, but it will.
Chapter nine mixes the future with the past. Tyre, Syria and the Philistines will taken down. And, a mamzer will settle in Ashdod. Unfortunately, the NKJV got it wrong, while the KJV got it right.
Here are the two versions of Zechariah 9:6:
KJV: And a bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.
NKJV: A mixed race shall settle in Ashdod, And I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.
Sorry, but the word ממזר (pronounced mam-zer) means – and has always meant – bastard or illegitimate child. Always. It has never meant ‘mixed race’ and it will NEVER mean ‘mixed race’. Furthermore, the word is singular, as in a person who is a mamzer – not a race that is mamzer. If it were a ‘bastard race’, you would see the word in plural, or it would say something like ‘a bastard nation’ – אם ממזר.
There is literally no excuse for this stupid translation error.
Where did the NKJV people hire their translators?
I’m not sure who the mamzer was who wound up in Ashkelon, but it seems that verses one through seven of Ezekiel 9 have been fulfilled. But, verse eight is a different matter:
8 I will camp around My house
Because of the army,
Because of him who passes by and him who returns.
No more shall an oppressor pass through them,
For now I have seen with My eyes.
That has not happened, and this verse sounds a lot like the siege of Jerusalem that happens during the time of Gog and Magog. And yes, there will be fighting in and around Jerusalem as has been prophesied in Zechariah 12.
However, the next two verses are incredible:
9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!
Behold, your King is coming to you;
He is just and having salvation,
Lowly and riding on a donkey,
A colt, the foal of a donkey.
10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim
And the horse from Jerusalem;
The battle bow shall be cut off.
He shall speak peace to the nations;
His dominion shall be ‘from sea to sea,
And from the River to the ends of the earth.’
You’ve probably heard or read verse 9 already. That is clearly Jesus when He rode into Jerusalem on a donkey. That happened two thousand years ago. But, verse ten is in the future, as in… the Millennium.
Verses 11 and 12 speak of Israel’s redemption, and then we see a warfare in verse 13 that is hard to place in its proper context:
13 For I have bent Judah, My bow,
Fitted the bow with Ephraim,
And raised up your sons, O Zion,
Against your sons, O Greece,
And made you like the sword of a mighty man.”
I would almost be ready to say that this is the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucids. That revolt happened 200 years before Christ, and it was successful. But, the rest of the verses that follow would seem to be a part of this event. But, the verses that follow 13 would seem to be more appropriate for a time in our future.
During the Maccabean revolt…
Did the Lord appear over them?
Did His arrow go forth like lightening?
Did He fight for them?
Did the Maccabees become like jewels of a crown?
Maybe so. I wasn’t there.
A lot of chapter ten has already happened. In fact, you could say that verses one through five are in our past. A fairly recent past. But, not verse six:
6 “I will strengthen the house of Judah,
And I will save the house of Joseph.
I will bring them back,
Because I have mercy on them.
They shall be as though I had not cast them aside;
For I am the Lord their God,
And I will hear them.
THAT has not happened yet. Even though they are in their land, Israel is STILL ‘cast aside’. Yes, they are in the process of coming back to God, but they are not anywhere near a condition of covenantal relationship with God. They are still in rebellion, so this is the future. But, verse eight clearly says that God will change all that:
8 I will whistle for them and gather them,
For I will redeem them;
And they shall increase as they once increased.
God goes on to say that He will gather them, and that there will be so many that there won’t be any room for them, even though they occupy Lebanon and northeast Jordan (Gilead). But, the hard part, the Gog and Magog part is this:
11 He shall pass through the sea with affliction,
And strike the waves of the sea:
All the depths of the River shall dry up.
Then the pride of Assyria shall be brought down,
And the scepter of Egypt shall depart.
But, there’s more than just Gog and Magog here. That word for ‘river’ is not nahal or nahar. It’s something a far more special word than that. It’s יאר (pronounced yeh-ohr). That is the ancient Hebrew name for the Nile River. And, sometimes the Bible adds a ו (vav) – as in, יאור.
Where else have we heard of the Nile drying up?
Right. We talked about that. In Isaiah 19. The Nile will dry up and Egypt will descend into chaos and civil war. And, I’m afraid that this moment in time has already begun. Ethiopia is just about ready to start filling their gigantic dam, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.
The result will be the last verse in this chapter:
12 “So I will strengthen them in the Lord,
And they shall walk up and down in His name,”
Says the Lord.
To put it another way…
When you see the Nile start to dry up, get ready for fireworks in Israel.
In chapter eleven, God speaks of devastation for Lebanon and Bashan, an area that is now southwest Syria and northwest Jordan. God then speaks of His rejection of Israel and Judah and His anger against the shepherds of Israel – and how worthless they have been.
However, we also have prophetic words about the betrayal of Jesus by Judas:
12 Then I said to them, “If it is agreeable to you, give me my wages; and if not, refrain.” So they weighed out for my wages thirty pieces of silver.
13 And the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—that princely price they set on me. So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord for the potter.
Even though it was necessary for our salvation, what a truly black day, when our Savior was betrayed like this.
For the last three chapters of Zechariah, go here: